Astronomy and Books

The Bauhaus

Foundation of the Bauhaus

The Bauhaus was found in 1919 in Weimar by Walter Gropius. The last director, Mies van der Rohe, dissolved the Bauhaus in 1933. The Bauhaus was under pressure a few months after the seizure of power by the Nazis. But as his teachers continued to work, especially in the United States, the influence of the Bauhaus did not diminish .

Hans Scharoun

Hans Scharoun was born in 1893 in Bremen. His father was a brewer. The "new building" obliged to participate in Bruno Taut's "call for color construction" (1919). Hans Scharoun studied at the Technische Hochschule of Berlin from 1912-1914. At the instigation of Paul Krucken, he worked from 1915 to 1918 at the Military Construction Command for the reconstruction. Scharoun then worked as deputy head of the construction consultancy in Insterburg in Ostpreussen. He took over Krucken's office. At that time some houses and settlements (1920) were build.

In 1922 competition drafts were created.

  Hans Scharoun also made some competition designs, for which he got prizes. But the buildings were never realised. From 1929 to 1932 he taught at the State Academy in Wroclaw. Hans Scharoun was involved in a house at the Weißenhofsiedlung in Stuttgart and with a dorm at the Werkbund exhibition in Wroclaw. One of his successful buildings was the Haus Schminke in East Berlin.He maintained an office in Berlin.

After the War

After the war, Hans Scharoun was appointed by the Soviet occupying power as head of the construction and housing of Berlin and designed with some architects a reconstruction plan (1946). In 1946 he received the chair of urban planning at the Technical University in Berlin, which he held until 1958. In Stuttgart, he got a prize for the design of the Stuttgart Liederhalle, but the building was not realized after his plans. In Stuttgart Scharoun later built the houses Romeo and Juliet in Zuffenhausen-Rot and Salute in the newly built Fasanenhof a new area in Stuttgart. In 1972 Scharoun died in Berlin. In Stuttgart, he built from 1955-57, the high-rise Romeo, 1957-59 the highrise buiding Julia. In Fasanenhof Salute was build in the years 1961-1963.In Berlin Hans Scharoun built a house in Weitmannslust in the same way as the so called Siemensstadt in Berlin. Another high-rise, Orplid, stands in Böblingen. The skyscrapers Romeo and Juliet are part of the Bauhaus architecture, as are the houses in Dessau or the Weißenhofsiedlung in Stuttgart. Since the eighties the houses are under monument protection.